Kurdistan National Liberation Front


Kurdistan National Liberation Front
   In March 1985, the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) established the Eniye Rizgariye Navata Kurdistan (ERNK), or Kurdistan National Liberation Front, as its popular front and propaganda division. As such, the ERNK was mainly in charge of urban activities such as producing local recruits for the PKK and its professional army, the Kurdistan Peoples Liberation Army (ARGK), organizing PKK activities such as mass riots, collecting money and information, liaison, carrying out Islamic activities and propaganda for the PKK, maintaining the logistical supply lines to ARGK guerrillas in the mountains, and organizing rural settlements.
   In Europe, the ERNK liaised with the PKK membership abroad, carried on propaganda activities and staged demonstrations to attract attention to the PKK cause, found new recruits for the ARGK, and camouflaged ARGK militants. In the United States, the American Kurdish Information Network (AKIN) to some extent carried out the function of the ERNK on a much smaller level.
   Although ERNK members were able to fight and sometimes did, they did not wear uniforms, as did the ARGK. During the day, ERNK members worked as waiters, students, shopkeepers, and peasants. During its heyday, from the late 1980s into the mid-1990s, the ERNK may have had as many as 50,000 formal members and an additional 315,000 sympathizers. After the capture of the PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan in 1999, the ERNK was dissolved. Subsequently, a number of other PKK affiliated bodies have been created.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • National Liberation Front — may refer to: National Liberation Front for South Vietnam (NLF) National Liberation Front (Greece) (EAM) People s Liberation Front (Yugoslavia), sometimes referred to as the National Liberation Front National Liberation Front (Algeria) (FLN)… …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdistan Peoples Liberation Army — (ARGK)    The ARGK (Artes i Rizgariye Geli Kurdistan), or Kurdistan Peoples Liberation Army, was established by the third congress of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) in October 1986 as the party s professional guerrilla army active in the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • National Progressive Front (Syria) — For the Iraqi variant, see National Progressive Front (Iraq). Syria This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Syria …   Wikipedia

  • National Salvation Front in Syria — The National Salvation Front in Syria (Arabic: جبهة الخلاص الوطني في سورية‎) is a political party founded and based in Belgium. It was founded by Abdul Halim Khaddam, former Vice President of Syria and interim President from June July 2000, and… …   Wikipedia

  • National Union Front (Iraq) — The National Union Front (Jabhat al Ittihad al Watani) was an Iraqi nationalist political party formed in 1956 as a coalition of the Ba ath Party, the Iraqi Communist Party, the Iraqi Independence Party, the National Democratic Party and later… …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdistan Workers Party — (PKK)    The Partiya Karkaren Kurdistan (PKK), or Kurdistan Workers Party, was formally established on 27 November 1978 by Abdullah (Apo) Ocalan, who became its leader. The PKK grew out of two separate but related sources: the older Kurdish… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam — The official emblem of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam as designed by Rishi Suresh. Dates of operation May 5, 1976 – present Leader Velupillai Prabhakaran Motives The cr …   Wikipedia

  • Front Armé Anti-Japonais d’Asie du Sud — Le Front Armé Anti Japonais d’Asie du Sud (東アジア反日武装戦線, Higashi Asia hannichi busō sensen?) est un groupe armé actif au Japon principalement en 1974 luttant contre l impérialisme japonais à travers l Asie. Sa principale action est un attentat à la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Front Révolutionnaire D'action Prolétarienne — FRAP Classification communiste, anti impérialiste Objectifs Statut inactif …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Front revolutionnaire d'action proletarienne — Front révolutionnaire d action prolétarienne Front Révolutionnaire d Action Prolétarienne FRAP Classification communiste, anti impérialiste Objectifs Statut inactif …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.